The History of Candy Bars
The people from the Aztec and Mayan times used to drink chocolate as their favorite drink. A Spanish conqueror then brought the drink back to Spain in 1529. It soon became a special amongst the Spanish Royal people for many years before becoming common throughout the Europe, largely known as “Hot-Chocolate”. Three centuries later chocolate was first used as non-liquid confection in England.
We still do not know who invented the concept of chocolate being up for eating, but in 1847 Joseph Fry discovered a way to mix cocoa powder, sugar and cacao to create a paste to be pressed into a mold. The bar that came out of it was a success. People seemed to enjoy eating chocolate as much as they loved drinking it. The early eating chocolate bars were made of bittersweet chocolate. The Fry's chocolate factory, located in Bristol, began producing the Fry's Chocolate Cream bar in 1866.
In 1849, John Cadbury made a similar bar but by the standards of the modern world neither of these bars would be considered palatable or long-lasting. Later in 1875, Henry Nestle, a producer of evaporated milk, and Daniel Peter, a chocolate maker, came up with a more palatable bar of milk chocolate that could be stored for longer period.
In 1879, Rodolphe Lindt began adding cocoa butter back to the processed cocoa to make a bar that would hold it hardened shape and would melt n the mouth.
Milton S. Hershey installed the first ever automated chocolate machinery in his Lancaster factory and produced the first American-made milk chocolate bar in 1900. During this decade over 220 products were introduced, including manufacture of the first chocolate Easter Egg in UK in 1873 and the Fry's Turkish Delight in 1914.
In the early-20th century chocolate and candy bars production grew most rapidly. In 1900 the Hershey Company produced the first wrapped chocolate bar, the Hershey bar, which is still produced. A lot of candy bars developed in that era still exist in relatively unchanged form.
During the first half of the 20th century in the United States alone 40.000 different candy bars appeared on the market and this was the decade that was the high point of the candy bar industry.
Today candy bars are manufactured and consumed all over the world and produced to local tastes and environmental conditions.